Monica Fabiani's research interests are in the cognitive neuroscience of human memory and aging, as well as in the development of tools for the non-invasive mapping of human brain function. As is typical of the cognitive neuroscience approach, her research involves the integration of data from different domains, including behavioral responses, neuropsychological tests, and brain anatomy and function (event-related brain potentials, or ERPs; structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging, or MRI; and optical imaging, including near infrared spectroscopy, or NIRS, and a new technique developed by Gabriele Gratton (CNS Group) and Fabiani, the event-related optical signals, or EROS).
Fabiani's current research encompasses several interconnected lines: (1) Research on the neurophysiological and psychological bases of sensory and working memory in normal aging , with particular reference to frontal lobe/executive function and individual differences among younger and older adults; (2) an extension of this research to the effects of alcohol on executive function ; (3) research on the development of a new non-invasive optical brain imaging method (the event-related optical signal * EROS) and its integration with currently existing methods; and (4) research on the application of optical methods (EROS and near-infrared spectroscopy * NIRS) to issues of aging research, with emphasis on neurovascular coupling.
Biological Psychology / Cognitive Neuroscience, Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Illinois
Additional Campus Affiliations
Professor, Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology
Gratton, C., Dworetsky, A., Coalson, R. S., Adeyemo, B., Laumann, T. O., Wig, G. S., Kong, T. S., Gratton, G., Fabiani, M., Barch, D. M., Tranel, D., Miranda-Dominguez, O., Fair, D. A., Dosenbach, N. U. F., Snyder, A. Z., Perlmutter, J. S., Petersen, S. E., & Campbell, M. C. (2020). Removal of high frequency contamination from motion estimates in single-band fMRI saves data without biasing functional connectivity. NeuroImage, 217, . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116866
Center, E. G., Knight, R., Fabiani, M., Gratton, G., & Beck, D. M. (2019). Examining the role of feedback in TMS-induced visual suppression: A cautionary tale. Consciousness and Cognition, 75, . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.102805
Chiarelli, A. M., Mahmoudzadeh, M., Low, K. A., Maclin, E. L., Kongolo, G., Goudjil, S., Fabiani, M., Wallois, F., & Gratton, G. (2019). Assessment of cerebrovascular development and intraventricular hemorrhages in preterm infants with optical measures of the brain arterial pulse wave. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 39(3), 466-480. https://doi.org/10.1177/0271678X17732694
Chiarelli, A. M., Low, K. A., Maclin, E. L., Fletcher, M. A., Kong, T. S., Zimmerman, B., Tan, C. H., Sutton, B. P., Fabiani, M., & Gratton, G. (2019). The Optical Effective Attenuation Coefficient as an Informative Measure of Brain Health in Aging. Photonics, 6(3), . https://doi.org/10.3390/photonics6030079
Katsumi, Y., Dolcos, F., Moore, M., Bartholow, B. D., Fabiani, M., & Dolcos, S. (2019). Electrophysiological correlates of racial in-group bias in observing nonverbal social encounters. Journal of cognitive neuroscience, 32(1), 167-186. https://doi.org/10.1162/jocn_a_01475