Monica Fabiani's research interests are in the cognitive neuroscience of human memory and aging, as well as in the development of tools for the non-invasive mapping of human brain function. As is typical of the cognitive neuroscience approach, her research involves the integration of data from different domains, including behavioral responses, neuropsychological tests, and brain anatomy and function (event-related brain potentials, or ERPs; structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging, or MRI; and optical imaging, including near infrared spectroscopy, or NIRS, a new techniques developed with Gabriele Gratton , the event-related optical signals, or EROS, and more recently measures of arterial elasticity).
Prof. Fabiani's research includes several interconnected lines: (1) Cerebrovascular contributions to structural, functional, and cognitive aging, using a newly developed optical method (pulse-DOT, the cerebral arterial pulse measured with diffuse optical tomography) to assess cerebrovascular status (funded by NIA); (2) Neurophysiological and structural, bases of cognitive control, attention and working memory in normal aging, with a focus on individual differences (funded by NIA); and (3) development of new non-invasive optical brain imaging methods and their integration with currently existing methods (EEG/ERPs, functional and structural MRI, ASL, and TMS; funded by MindPortal).
Biological Psychology / Cognitive Neuroscience, Ph.D., University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
Additional Campus Affiliations
Professor, Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology
Clements, G. M., Gyurkovics, M., Low, K. A., Kramer, A. F., Beck, D. M., Fabiani, M., & Gratton, G. (2023). Dynamics of alpha suppression index both modality specific and general attention processes. NeuroImage, 270, . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2023.119956
Perpetuini, D., Günal, M., Chiou, N., Koyejo, S., Mathewson, K., Low, K. A., Fabiani, M., Gratton, G., & Chiarelli, A. M. (2023). Fast Optical Signals for Real-Time Retinotopy and Brain Computer Interface. Bioengineering, 10(5). https://doi.org/10.3390/bioengineering10050553
Clements, G. M., Gyurkovics, M., Low, K. A., Beck, D. M., Fabiani, M., & Gratton, G. (2022). Dynamics of alpha suppression and enhancement may be related to resource competition in cross-modal cortical regions. NeuroImage, 252, . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2022.119048
Fabiani, M., Asnakew, B. A., Bowie, D. C., Chism, S. M., Clements, G. M., Gardner, J. C., Islam, S. S., Rubenstein, S. L., & Gratton, G. (2022). A healthy mind in a healthy body: Effects of arteriosclerosis and other risk factors on cognitive aging and dementia: Effects of arteriosclerosis and other risk factors on cognitive aging and dementia. In K. D. Federmeier, & B. R. Payne (Eds.), Cognitive Aging (pp. 69-123). (Psychology of Learning and Motivation - Advances in Research and Theory; Vol. 77). Academic Press Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.plm.2022.08.001
Gyurkovics, M., Clements, G. M., Low, K. A., Fabiani, M., & Gratton, G. (2022). Stimulus-Induced Changes in 1/f-like Background Activity in EEG. Journal of Neuroscience, 42(37), 7144-7151. https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0414-22.2022