Monica Fabiani

Professor, Department of Psychology
Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Memory, cognition and aging, and cognitive neuroscience

Monica Fabiani's research interests are in the cognitive neuroscience of human memory and aging, as well as in the development of tools for the non-invasive mapping of human brain function. As is typical of the cognitive neuroscience approach, her research involves the integration of data from different domains, including behavioral responses, neuropsychological tests, and brain activity (event-related brain potentials, or ERPs; functional magnetic resonance imaging, or fMRI; and a new technique developed by Gabriele Gratton and Fabiani, the event-related optical signals, or EROS). Fabiani's research develops along several interconnected lines: (1) Research on the neurophysiological and psychological bases of memory in normal aging, with particular reference to frontal lobe function and individual differences among older adults; (2) research on the brain activity associated with the formation and retrieval of illusory memories; and (3) research on the development of a new non-invasive optical brain imaging method (EROS) and its integration with currently existing methods. Over the last five years Fabiani, along with Gratton, has worked on a NIH-funded project for the development EROS. This method can provide functional images of cortical activity with a combination of temporal and spatial resolution not currently attainable with other imaging techniques. Several current projects involve using EROS to address substantive questions in cognitive neuroscience, and include: (a) comparing EROS recordings from human auditory cortex in young and older adults to assess possible differences in sensory memory; (b) Comparing EROS and other optical signals recorded from the exposed cortex of cats; (c) Examining sensory signatures in word recognition.

Research Areas

Representative Publications

Boot, W. R., Kramer, A.F., Simons, D. J., Fabiani, M., Gratton, G., The Effects of Video Game Playing on Attention, Memory, and Executive Control. Acta Psychologica 2008, 129, 387-398.

Czernochowski, D.; Fabiani, M.; Friedman, D., Use it or lose it? SES mitigates age-related decline in a recency/recognition task. Neurobiology of Aging 2008, 29, (6), 945-958.

Czernochowski, D., Fabiani, M., & Friedman, D., Use it or lose it? Socio-economic status mitigates age-related decline in a recency/recognition task. Neurobiology of Aging 2008, 29, 945-958.

Gordon, B., Rykhlevskaia, E., Brumback, C. R., Lee, Y., Elavsky, S., Konopack, J. F., McAuley, E., Kramer, A. F., Colcombe, S., Gratton, G., & Fabiani, M., Anatomical correlates of aging, cardiopulmonary fitness level, and education. Psychophysiology 2008, 45(5), 825-838

Gratton, G. & Fabiani, M., The Event-related Optical Signal (EROS) and Augmented Cognition. Augmented Cognition International Quarterly Newsletter 2008, 4(3), 6,14.

Gratton, G., Kramer A. F., & Fabiani, M., Brain sensors and measures. In D. D. Schmorrow, & K. M. Stanney (Eds.), Augmented Cognition: A Practitioner's Guide (pp. 1-26). Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFES), 2008.

Gratton, G., Low, K. A., & Fabiani, M., Time course of executive processes: Data from the event-related optical signal (EROS). In S. A. Bunge & J. D. Wallis (Eds.), Perspectives on Rule-Guided Behavior 2008, (pp. 197-223) New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Ombao, H., Shao, X., Rykhlevskaia, E., Fabiani, M., & Gratton, G., Spatio-sprectral analysis of brain signals. Statistica Sinica 2008, 18, 1465-1482.

Rykhlevskaia, E.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., Combining structural and functional neuroimaging data for studying brain connectivity: A review. Psychophysiology 2008, 45, (2), 173-187.

Shin, E., Wan, X. I., Fabiani, M., Gratton, G., & Lleras, A., Electrophysiological evidence of feature-based inhibition of focused attention across consecutive trials. Psychophysiology 2008, 45, 804-811.

Whalen, C., Maclin, E. L., Fabiani, M., & Gratton, G., Validation of a method for coregistering scalp recording locations with 3D structural MR images. Human Brain Mapping 2008, 29(11) 1288-1301.