Brent Roberts

Professor, Department of Psychology
Ph.D., University of California at Berkeley

Personality continuity and change, personality assessment, and conscientiousness and health

My research program focuses on personality development in adulthood and on personality assessment. Four goals guide this program: 1) Establish the overall pattern of consistency and change in personality traits across the life course; 2) Test hypotheses concerning why personality traits are consistent and why they change; 3) Personality assessment, including determine the meaning and scope of the trait of conscientiousness and test its relationship to the health process; 4) Develop a general theory of personality development in adulthood. My research is supported by grants from the National Institute of Aging (RO1 AG21178), the University of Illinois Research Board, and the Center for Human Resource Management.

Representative Publications

Lodi-Smith, J.L. & Roberts, B.W. (2007). Social Investment and Personality: A meta-analytic analysis of the relationship of personality traits to investment in work, family, religion, and volunteerism. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 11, 68-86.

Chernyshenko, O.S., Stark, S., Drasgow, F., & Roberts, B.W. (2007). Constructing personality scales under the assumption of an ideal point response process: Toward increasing the flexibility of personality measures. Psychological Assessment, 19, 88-106.

Roberts, B. W., Kuncel, N., Bogg, T., & Viechtbauer, W. (2007). Meta-analysis in personality psychology (Ch. 36, pp 652-672). In R. W. Robins, R. C. Fraley, & R. F. Krueger (Eds.), Handbook of Research Methods in Personality Psychology. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Harms, P.D., Roberts, B.W., & Wood, D. (2007). Who Shall Lead? An Integrative Personality Approach to the Study of the Antecedents of Status in Informal Social Organizations. Journal of Research in Personality, 41, 689-699.

Roberts, B.W., Harms, P.D., Caspi, A., & Moffitt, T.E. (2007). Can we predict the counterproductive employee? Evidence from a child-to-adult prospective study. Evidence from a 23-year longitudinal study. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92, 1427-1436.

Roberts, B. W. (2007). Contextualizing personality psychology. Journal of Personality, 75, 1071-1081.

Roberts, B. W., Kuncel, N., Shiner, R., N., Caspi, A., & Goldberg, L. R. (2007). The power of personality: The comparative validity of personality traits, socio-economic status, and cognitive ability for predicting important life outcomes. Perspectives in Psychological Science, 2, 313-345.

Edmonds, G., Jackson, J. J., Fayard, J. V., & Roberts, B. W. (2008). Is character fate, or is there hope to change my personality yet? Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2, 399-413.

Roberts, B. W. & Mroczek, D. (2008). Personality trait change in adulthood. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17, 31-35.

Bogg, T, Webb, M.L., Wood, D., & Roberts, B. W. (2008). A Hierarchical investigation of personality and behavior: examining Neo-Socioanalytic Models of health-related outcomes. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 183-207.

Roberts BW, Walton K, and Viechtbauer W. 2006. Patterns of mean-level change in personality traits across the life course: A meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Psychological Bulletin 132:1-25.

Fraley C, and Roberts BW. 2005. Patterns of continuity: A dynamic model for conceptualizing the stability of individual differences in psychological constructs across the life course. Psychological Review 112, 60-74.

Roberts BW, Chernyshenko O, Stark S, and Goldberg L. 2005. The structure of conscientiousness: An empirical investigation based on seven major personality questionnaires. Personnel Psychology 58:103-139.

Roberts BW, Walton K, and Bogg T. 2005. Conscientiousness and health across the life course. ,Review of General Psychology 9:156-168.

Bogg T, and Roberts BW. 2004. Conscientiousness and health behaviors: A meta-analysis of the leading behavioral contributors to mortality. Psychological Bulletin 130, 887-919.

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